Understanding Periodontal Disease and Available Treatments
Periodontal disease, or gum disease as it is commonly known, is a serious dental health issue that affects many people. When it occurs, it can lead to several oral health problems, starting with the damage of the gum tissue to damage of the jawbone, and eventually, multiple tooth loss. Periodontal disease can also have some general health consequences - it has been known to increase the risk of heart disease, respiratory problems, pneumonia, and others. Fortunately, there are available treatment solutions that can help you to regain your oral and overall health if you are suffering from the disease. At Portland City Dental, we offer periodontal care, which can help to manage your condition, and remedy the dental problems already caused. If you are considering this solution, please read on to find out more.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a condition that is characterized by a bacterial infection in the mouth. The infection starts by causing inflammation of the gum tissue, which causes the gums to appear red and swollen. The infection of the gums is the first stage of the condition, and it is commonly known as gingivitis.
If gingivitis is not treated, the infection can then spread below the gums, where it infects the bone tissue, causing it to be inflamed. This starts the process of bone deterioration, which (combined with the damaged gum tissue) can greatly affect the support system of the teeth.
What Causes Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is usually caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows the bacteria in the mouth to accumulate - mixing with the food particles and saliva to form plaque. Plaque, a sticky film, sticks onto the surface of the teeth, and over time, it can harden to form tartar, which sticks even below the gumline. When the plaque and tartar are not removed, the harmful bacteria they contain starts to irritate the gums, leading to an infection.
Aside from poor oral hygiene, the risk of periodontal disease can be increased by several factors such as:
What Treatment Solutions Are Available?
There are several treatments for gum disease that we can offer as part of our periodontal care. However, the treatments vary from one patient to another, usually depending on how advanced the condition is, and the side effects (dental problems) it has caused. Popular treatments include:
Are you suffering from periodontal disease? Portland City Dental can provide you with treatment solutions to help control the condition. Call us today at (503) 867-8124 to learn more about our periodontal care, or to book an appointment.